Martin Luther King, Jr.
|Net Worth||$250 Thousand|
|Height||5 ft 6 in (1.69 m)|
|Profession||Writer, Civil rights activist, Minister of religion|
|Date of Birth||Jan 15, 1929 – Apr 4, 1968 (39 years old)|
|Nationality||United States of America|
Martin Luther King, Jr. Net Worth:
What was the net worth of Martin Luther King Jr.?
At the time of his death in 1968, Martin Luther King Jr. was an American Baptist pastor, humanitarian, activist, and leader with a net worth of $250,000. (after adjusting for inflation). Martin Luther King Jr. was a Baptist clergyman and activist who was one of the most prominent civil rights movement leaders throughout the middle of the 20th century. He is well-known for his civil disobedience and nonviolent ideas, and he organized countless marches campaigning for the rights of African Americans in the United States. King was an outspoken and productive activist until his 1968 killing in Memphis, Tennessee.
In 1955, King led the Montgomery Bus Boycott and in 1957, he helped establish the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. King was also the founding president of the SCLC. In 1963, he spearheaded nonviolent demonstrations in Birmingham, Alabama that garnered national notice and ultimately sparked a movement. In 1963, he assisted in the organization of the March on Washington, when he made his iconic “I Have a Dream” speech. In 1964, King was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. In 1965, he planned the marches from Selma to Montgomery.
The President Medal of Freedman and the Congressional Gold Medal were given posthumously. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day was declared a federal holiday in the United States in 1986. Hundreds of streets have been named in his honor around the United States. In 2011, the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial on the National Mall was dedicated.
Childhood and Education
Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia as Michael King Jr., the second of three children of civil rights leader and pastor Michael Sr. and his wife Alberta. Christine is his older sister, while Alfred is his younger brother. King was had to attend Younge Street Elementary School, a school for black kids, as a child. His father’s work in the Church and his fight against segregation and other types of prejudice had a significant impact on him. King had remembered countless songs and Bible lines before the age of five and eventually joined his church’s junior choir. At the age of 12, he began taking piano and violin instruction at the Atlanta University Laboratory School.
King became assistant manager of a newspaper distribution station at the age of 13. Additionally, he enrolled in Booker T. Washington High School, the only school for black pupils in the city. He joined the school’s debate squad after gaining a reputation for his oratorical abilities. King subsequently attended the historically black college Morehouse College; he worked on a tobacco plantation in Simsbury, Connecticut, to pay for his tuition and other expenses. As a freshman, he played football as well. King decided to enter the ministry at age 18 and studied under Baptist clergyman Benjamin Mays. In 1948, he graduated from Morehouse with a bachelor’s degree in sociology.
Continued Instruction and Religious Activity
King studied in Crozer Theological Seminary in Upland, Pennsylvania, where he earned a Bachelor of Divinity in 1951, following his graduation from Morehouse. Afterward, he enrolled in a PhD program in systematic theology at Boston University. King served as an assistant preacher at the school’s Twelfth Baptist Church throughout his time there. Later, in 1954, he became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama, and the same year he received his PhD from Boston University.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott and the Civil Rights Movement
In 1955, King spearheaded the Montgomery bus boycott in protest of the arrests of Claudette Colvin and Rosa Parks, who refused to give up their bus seats to white males. This was one of King’s first big ventures into activism. The boycott lasted 385 days and reached such a fever pitch that King’s home was attacked. During the campaign, he was also arrested and imprisoned, which increased his public notoriety. The boycott ultimately resulted to the Browder v. Gayle decision, which abolished racial segregation on Montgomery public buses. As a result of his participation in the campaign, King became a nationally renowned personality and the movement’s most prominent speaker.
King co-founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, which used the power of black churches to fight nonviolently for civil rights legislation. King headed the SCLC, initiating the Albany Movement in Albany, Georgia, and orchestrating a number of the renowned 1963 demonstrations in Birmingham, Alabama. The organisation sought, among other things, integration, labor rights, and the ability of black people to vote. During the protests, there were several standoffs between civil rights demonstrators and segregationist officials, with the latter sometimes resorting to violence. In 1965, a nonviolent march from Selma to Montgomery erupted in police and mob violence against marchers, constituting one of the most violent clashes.
Protests in Washington
In 1963, King and other civil rights activists organized the March on Washington, where hundreds of thousands of people marched to advocate for the civil and economic rights of African-Americans. In the most famous moment of the event, King made a 17-minute address titled “I Have a Dream” in which he called for the end of racism in the United States. Given on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial, it quickly became hailed as one of the greatest addresses in American history and was essential in 1964’s enactment of the Civil Rights Act.
Subsequent Activism and Assault
King was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 for his use of civil disobedience to combat racial injustice. In the years that followed, he steadily broadened his active emphasis to include protests against capitalism, poverty, and the Vietnam War. He took part in various marches and offered countless speeches on these topics. In 1968, King and the SCLC created the Poor People’s Campaign to combat economic inequality and toured throughout the nation to gather a coalition of the underclass to march on Washington.
James Earl Ray murdered King at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee in March of 1968, while he was there to support a black workers’ strike. The assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. provoked countrywide racial riots and claims of a government conspiracy, which was fuelled by the fact that King had been subject to severe state surveillance throughout his career.
Personal History and Legacies
During his time at Crozer Theological Seminary, King had his first love involvement with the white daughter of a German immigrant. Friends dissuaded him from marrying her when they spoke of the difficulties an interracial union would pose. Later, while King was a student at BU, a mutual acquaintance introduced him to fellow student Coretta Scott. The couple fell in love in 1953 and had four children, Yolanda, Martin III, Dexter, and Bernice.
King’s influence remains significant in the United States and around the world. In his honor, a multitude of memorials have been erected, and his life and work are integral components of educational curriculum. King won the Presidential Medal of Freedom posthumously in 1977, and the Congressional Gold Medal in 2003. Martin Luther King Jr. Day is celebrated annually on the third Monday of January in the United States in his honor.